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What does "Itadakimasu" mean? Easy-to-understand explanation with example sentences

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  • "Itadakimasu" has few similar words outside of Japanese, so it can be one of the words that is difficult for foreigners studying Japanese to understand. In this article, we will explain the meaning of "itadakimasu" in an easy-to-understand manner using example sentences. Furthermore, I will briefly explain the correct way to make itadakimasu.

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    What does "Itadakimasu" mean?

    The word "itadakimasu" means

    1. words to say when eating rice
    2. Polite ways to say "I'll get it" and "I'll receive it"
    3. Polite way to say "I do"

    There are three types of meanings.

    words to say when eating rice

    When we eat rice, we say "itadakimasu" to express our gratitude for the meal The word "itadakimasu" has the meaning of showing gratitude to the animals, fish, etc. that served as food ingredients, and to the people who prepared the food.

    Polite ways to say "I'll get it" and "I'll receive it"

    You can say ``itadakimasu'' as a polite way to say ``itadakimasu'' or ``tokimasu,'' which means ``I will take it.'' In this case, it doesn't matter if it's rice or not, you can use it for whatever you receive.

    There are other words that are more polite than ``Itadakimasu'', such as ``I'll give it to you'' and ``I'll give it to you''. However, this is a very polite way of saying it, so it often becomes unnatural when used in everyday conversation.

    Polite way to say "I do"

    If you add "I will do it" after the verb, it will be more polite than "I will do it." For example, "I will go" means "Let me go," and "Tokumasu" means "I will take it."

    How to write "Itadaki" in Kanji?

    ``Itadaku'' is often written in hiragana, but when written in kanji it becomes itadaku '' or `` daiku The meanings of both are almost the same, but ``dake'' has a more polite nuance.

    "Daiku" is not a commonly used kanji, so it is best not to use it in official business documents.

    Variant of "itadakimasu"

    Like other Japanese words, "itadakimasu" changes its form, such as past tense and potential form. Let's memorize the variations of "itadakimasu" so that we can use them correctly.

    The past tense is "Itadatta"

    The past tense of "Itadakimasu" is "Itadakimasu". It's the same as the past tense of common verbs, so I don't think it's particularly difficult.

    Possible forms are "Itadakimasu" and "Itadakimasu"

    The possible form of "can" and "able to" in English is "Itadakimasu" or "Itadedemedakumasu."

    "Itadakimasu" is the same as "I write." is changed to "I can write.", and "Itadaki" is changed to "Itadaku", followed by "masu" which indicates politeness. This is the one with the .

    Also, if you add ``kototo dekimasu'' to the end of ``itadaku,'' it has the same meaning as ``itadakimasu.'' Please note that ``Itadakimasu deki dekimasu'' is incorrect.

    When inviting someone, say things like “Itadakou” or “Itadakimasho.”

    When inviting someone to eat or receive something, you say things like ``Itadakou'' and ``Itadakimasho.'' Other expressions such as ``Itadakisai?'' have a similar meaning.

    Example sentences using "Itadakimasu"

    Now that you know the meaning of "itadakimasu", here we will introduce some basic example sentences on how to use "itadakimasu" in conversation.

    "Itadakimasu" "Okay, everyone, let's eat."

    "Itadakimasu", which is used when eating rice, is rarely written as a sentence, and is usually simply said as "Itadakimasu". However, when you want to encourage people around you to eat, you can also express it in writing, such as, "Okay, everyone, let's eat."

    “I received a present” “I will ask my teacher for advice”

    This is an example sentence used as a polite way to say "I get it" and "I receive it." These are polite expressions such as ``I received a present'' or ``I received some advice from my teacher.''

    “I will contact you tomorrow.” “I will sit in this seat.”

    This is an example of a polite expression for "I'll do...". They are polite expressions such as "I'll contact you tomorrow" and "I'll sit here."

    The correct way to say “itadakimasu”

    It's not at all difficult to say "itadakimasu" when eating rice, but foreigners who have just arrived in Japan may be worried about whether they are doing it properly. Let's review the correct way to say "itadakimasu".

    1. Put your hands together

    Just before or at the same time as saying "Itadakimasu," you can put your hands together in front of your chest to create a more polite atmosphere. However, it is rarely considered rude to not put your hands together. When you join your hands, do so quietly and avoid making clapping-like sounds.

    2. Say "Itadakimasu"

    When you put your hands together, say "Itadakimasu." You don't need to say it too loudly, just say it loud enough so that it doesn't disturb those around you.

    3. Bow a little

    If you want to make the ritual more polite, it is a good idea to bow a little when you say "itadakimasu."


    ``Itadakimasu'' is a word used to express gratitude to the food or the person who prepared it before eating, and is a very Japanese word. When you eat in Japan, saying "itadakimasu" will give the impression that you are a polite person, and it will also be a great way to experience Japanese culture.

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