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How much is the minimum wage in Japan? Does it apply to foreigners? How to check is also explained.

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What is the minimum wage in Japan?"

What is the minimum wage in Japan?"

I want to know if my current salary meets the minimum wage."

This article is intended to help foreigners who are thinking about this

  • Overview of Minimum Wages in Japan and Minimum Wages in Major Cities in Japan
  • Does the Japanese minimum wage system apply to foreigners?
  • How to check if your current wage meets the minimum wage

If you would like to know the minimum wage in Japan or check whether your own salary reaches the minimum wage, please refer to this page.

What is the minimum wage in Japan?

Minimum wages are also set in other countries. Of course, Japan also has a minimum wage system.

The minimum wage (minimum wage system) in Japan refers to the following system

The minimum wage system is a system under which the government sets a minimum wage based on the Minimum Wage Law, and employers must pay workers at least that minimum wage.

Exhibit: Comparative Check of Your Wages|Minimum Wage Systemhttps://pc.saiteichingin.info/point/page_point_what.html

If a contract was made with a worker for a wage lower than the minimum wage amount, it would be considered invalid by law and the contract would be deemed to be "similar to the minimum wage amount.

In addition, if a worker is only paid less than the minimum wage, it is a violation of the law and a penalty (a fine of up to 500,000 yen) is applied to the employer (the person who employs the worker).

Minimum Wages in Japan Vary by Prefecture

The minimum wage in Japan varies from prefecture to prefecture.

This is because the cost of living, number of workers, and tax revenues differ greatly between metropolitan areas and other populous cities and rural areas, respectively.

It is not uniformly set by the national government, but is determined by the director of the prefectural labor bureau.

Reference: Comparative check of your wages|Minimum Wage Systemhttps://pc.saiteichingin.info/faq/page_faq_03.html

Minimum wage is applicable to the prefecture where you work.

If the prefecture in which I live is different from the prefecture in which I work, which minimum wage amount applies?

The correct answer here is "the prefecture where you work".

For example, if you live in Saitama Prefecture and work in Tokyo, the Tokyo minimum wage amount applies.

Does the minimum wage system apply to foreigners working in Japan?

In recent years, the number of foreigners working in Japan has been increasing. So we are concerned about this,Is the minimum wage system applicable to foreigners working in Japan?"This is the point.

Answer,"Applies.".

Even if you are a foreigner, Japanese law applies to you when you work in Japan.

Incidentally, there are a variety of laws regarding labor, including

  • Labor Standards Act
  • Industrial Safety and Health Act
  • Minimum Wages Act
  • Public Employment Security Law (1948)
  • Temporary Staffing Services Law
  • Trade Union Law, etc.

The minimum wage system is of course applicable to "technical intern trainees," who have been increasing in recent years to help alleviate labor shortages, and the above laws also apply to them.

Please check again to see if you are being forced to work under illegal conditions.

What is the minimum wage in Japan (major cities)?

Here are the minimum wages for the prefectures to which Japan's major cities belong.

*As of November 2021

  • Hokkaido: 889 yen
  • Tokyo: 1,041 yen
  • Kanagawa Prefecture: 1,040 yen
  • Aichi Prefecture: 955 yen
  • Kyoto Prefecture: 937 yen
  • Osaka: 992 yen
  • Hyogo Prefecture: 928 yen
  • Hiroshima Prefecture: 899 yen
  • Fukuoka Prefecture: 870 yen
  • Okinawa Prefecture: 820 yen

The highest minimum wage is 1,041 yen in Tokyo, and the lowest is 820 yen in Okinawa Prefecture.

Minimum Wage in Japan

Here is a brief overview of minimum wages in Japan.

*Nationally weighted average

Although the economy is said to be in a recession, the minimum wage amount in Japan has been rising almost steadily since 2022.

Reference: Prime Minister's Office: How Minimum Wages are Determined - Basic Datahttps://www.kantei.go.jp/jp/singi/zensedaigata_shakaihoshou/dai8/siryou1.pdf

Prefectures with high and low minimum wages

As mentioned above, the minimum wage in Japan varies from prefecture to prefecture, depending on the cost of living, the number of workers, tax revenues, and other factors.

As of November 2021, the prefecture with the highest minimum wage is Tokyo (1,041 yen) and the lowest is Okinawa (820 yen).

Below is a ranking of the minimum wage per hour for each of the 47 prefectures. The list is in order of highest to lowest.

administrative divisions of Japan: Tokyo-to, Hokkai-do, Osaka-fu and Kyoto-fuminimum wage
Tokyo Metropolitan area1041 yen
Kanagawa prefecture (Kantou area)1040 yen
Osaka (metropolitan area)992 yen
Saitama prefecture (Kantou area)956 yen
Aichi prefecture (Chuubu area)955 yen
Chiba prefecture (Kantou area)953 yen
Kyoto (metropolitan area)937 yen
Hyogo prefecture (Kinki area) (Hyougo)928 yen
Shizuoka prefecture (Chuubu area)913 yen
Mie prefecture (Kinki area)902 yen
Hiroshima prefecture (Chuugoku area)899 yen
Shiga prefecture (Kinki area)896 yen
Hokkaido889 yen
Tochigi prefecture (Kantou area)882 yen
Gifu prefecture (Chuubu area)880 yen
Ibaraki prefecture (Kantou area)879 yen
Toyama prefecture (Hokuriku area)877 yen
Nagano prefecture (Chuubu area)877 yen
Fukuoka prefecture (Kyushu)870 yen
Yamanashi prefecture (Chuubu area)866 yen
Nara prefecture (Kinki area)866 yen
Gunma prefecture (Kantou area)865 yen
Okayama prefecture (Chuugoku area)862 yen
Ishikawa prefecture (Hokuriku area)861 yen
Niigata prefecture (Hokuriku area)859 yen
Wakayama prefecture (Kinki area)859 yen
Fukui prefecture (Hokuriku area)858 yen
Yamaguchi prefecture (Chuugoku area)857 yen
Miyagi prefecture (Tohoku area)853 yen
Kagawa prefecture (Shikoku)848 yen
Fukushima prefecture (Tohoku area)828 yen
Shimane prefecture (Chuugoku area)824 yen
Tokushima prefecture (Shikoku)824 yen
Aomori prefecture (Tohoku area)822 yen
Akita prefecture (Tohoku area)822 yen
Yamagata prefecture (Tohoku area)822 yen
Oita prefecture (Kyushu)822 yen
Iwate prefecture (Tohoku area)821 yen
Tottori prefecture (Chuugoku area)821 yen
Ehime prefecture (Shikoku)821 yen
Saga prefecture (Kyushu)821 yen
Nagasaki prefecture (Kyushu)821 yen
Kumamoto prefecture (Kyushu)821 yen
Miyazaki prefecture (Kyushu)821 yen
Kagoshima prefecture (Kyushu)821 yen
Kouchi (Kochi) prefecture (Shikoku)820 yen
Okinawa prefecture (including Okinawa island)820 yen

Reference: Comparative check of your wages|Minimum Wage Systemhttps://pc.saiteichingin.info/table/page_list_nationallist.php

How to check if your current wage meets the minimum wage

In order to determine if the salary you are currently being paid is above the minimum wage amount, you need to know how much you are being paid per hour for your labor.

However, some of you may not be working under a "XX yen per hour" (XX yen per hour) contract.

Below is a summary of how to check if your current wages meet the minimum wage for each pattern.

  1. On an hourly basis
  2. Daily wage
  3. Monthly salary
  4. In the case of wages determined by the piece-rate payment system or other contracting system
  5. For a combination of 1-4

We will explain one by one.

1. On an hourly basis

If you are working under a contract that says "XX yen per hour," compare that "XX yen per hour" with the minimum wage of the prefecture where you work.

Example: If you work for a company in Kanagawa Prefecture at "1,500 yen per hour
Kanagawa Prefecture's minimum wage is 1,040 yen → ◎Minimum wage is met (exceeds the minimum wage)

2. On a daily basis

In the case of a contract that states, "You will receive XX yen per day for one day's work," please calculate how much you will be paid per hour for one day's work and compare it to the minimum wage amount.

Example: If you work for a company in Kanagawa Prefecture under a contract of "8 hours work per day, 10,000 yen per day".
10,000 yen per day ÷ 8 hours = 1,250 yen per hour Minimum wage in Kanagawa Prefecture is 1,040 yen → ◎Minimum wage amount is met (exceeds minimum wage amount)

However, if the occupation has a minimum wage scale per day (specific (industry-specific) minimum wages with daily amounts apply), please compare the daily salary with the minimum wage amount per day.

3. Monthly salary

In the case of a contract that states, "You will receive XX yen per month," such as "XX yen per month," calculate how much you will be paid per hour for the month, and compare this to the minimum wage amount.

Example: If you work for a company in Kanagawa Prefecture under a contract of "8 hours work per day, 200,000 yen per month".
Monthly salary 200,000 yen ÷ (8 hours × 22 days) = 200,000 yen ÷ 176 hours = 1,136 yen per hour Minimum wage in Kanagawa Prefecture is 1,040 yen → ◎Minimum wage amount is met (exceeds minimum wage amount)

4. In the case of wages determined by the piece-rate system or other contracting system

In the case of a piece-rate contract, such as "XX yen per product," or any other contractual agreement, calculate the amount per hour based on the total amount of salary and the hours worked during the period for which the salary was received, and compare it to the minimum wage amount.

Example: If a company in Kanagawa Prefecture works 8 hours on weekdays only in October under a contract to "make 100 yen for each completed product" and the salary for October is 180,000 yen.
Salary for October 180,000 yen ÷ (8 hours × 22 days) = 180,000 yen ÷ 176 hours = 1,022 yen per hour Minimum wage in Kanagawa Prefecture is 1,040 yen → x Minimum wage amount is not met (below the minimum wage amount)

5. For a combination of 1 to 4

If contracts 1 through 4 are combined, convert each salary into an hourly amount using each method and compare it to the minimum wage amount.

Reference: How to check if the minimum wage is above the minimum wage|Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfarehttps://www.mhlw.go.jp/www2/topics/seido/kijunkyoku/minimum/minimum-13.htm

Average income in Japan

Finally, we provide the current average income in Japan.

According to the "2019 National Survey of Living Standards," the average income per household (annual income) in 2018 was 5,523,000 yen for all households.

On the other hand, a check of the income distribution shows that the most common category is "annual income of less than 2 to 3 million.

The percentage of households with incomes below 3 million yen is 391 TP9T, and the percentage of households with incomes below the average income amount (5,523,000 yen) is 61.1%, indicating that more than 60% of households have annual incomes below the average income amount.

It is also striking that more than a majority (54.41 TP9T) of respondents answered "very difficult" or "somewhat difficult" with regard to their attitudes toward daily life.

The reality is that while the minimum wage amount is rising steadily, we cannot proudly say that "Japan is a growing and prosperous country.

Reference: II Income, etc. of various householdshttps://www.mhlw.go.jp/toukei/saikin/hw/k-tyosa/k-tyosa19/dl/03.pdf
More miserable than the average salary of 4.33 million yen...the "horrible current situation" of all Japanese peoplehttps://gentosha-go.com/articles/-/37859

summary

This article explained the minimum wage in Japan and how it has changed, as well as how to check if your current wage meets the minimum wage.

Here is a summary of what we have so far.

  • Minimum wages are set by each prefecture in Japan and apply to foreigners working in Japan.
  • The prefecture with the highest minimum wage is Tokyo (1,041 yen) and the lowest is Okinawa (820 yen)
  • To make sure your current wage meets the minimum wage, you need to calculate how much you are getting paid per hour of work.

Making sure you are working in a legal working environment is very important for your own protection.

We hope that after reading this article, you will be able to confirm that you are working for an appropriate wage and can continue to work in Japan with peace of mind.


We, "Goandup", will continue to promote the charm of Japan to the world.

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  • We, "Goandup", will continue to promote the charm of Japan to the world.

  • If you found this article useful or enjoyable in any way, we would appreciate your support to fund our operations.

  • We would appreciate donations of any amount via the PayPal link below.
    ▶️ paypal.me/goandup


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